Validating multiple choice test items
This book is intended for anyone who is seriously interested in designing and validating multiple-choice test items that measure understanding and the application of knowledge and skills to complex situations, such as critical thinking and problem solving.The most comprehensive and authoritative book in its field, this edition has been extensively revised to include: *mo This book is intended for anyone who is seriously interested in designing and validating multiple-choice test items that measure understanding and the application of knowledge and skills to complex situations, such as critical thinking and problem solving.This is the most current and comprehensive book devoted to item writing.It addresses the related topics of multiple-choice test item development and validation of responses to these test items -- two critical steps in the development of any cognitive test.Second, a scientific basis for test item writing has been slow to develop (Cronbach, 1970; Haladyna & Downing, 1989a, 1989b; Haladyna, Downing, & Rodriguez, 2002; Nitko, 1985; Roid & Haladyna, 1982).These critics have pointed out the paucity of research on item development. The third factor is the short yet rich history of efforts to improve MC item writing.This book is the most comprehensive treatment of the rationale and rules for multiple-choice item writing, the most useful format for measuring, and the research behind it.Treating the study of item responses in the framework of validity theory, this book: provides a conceptual basis for item writing; reviews the issue of constructed- versus selected-response testing; presents a variety of formats; provides guidance in developing items; offers a basis for reviewing, evaluating, and improving items; and speculates about the future of item development and validation.
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All students from some classrooms of primary and middle school were selected to evaluate their performances by testing.
On the basis of the analysis results the tests have been re-designed.